how to learn quran - quranic arabic guide

How to Learn Quran With Tajweed? Ultimate Guide with Videos

It’s easier for you to learn Quran online from home than most think. Contrary to a widespread belief that one must register to an institution or hire premium services, you can learn Quran with the help of free Quran tutorials.

You can do it at your own pace, at your own place.

This step-by-step guide on “How to Learn Quran” will take you through the entire process of getting to know the Quranic Arabic more effortlessly. If you don’t know how to recognize and pronounce an Arabic letter, I have tried to gather comprehensive tutorials from some of the best teachers that will make your journey easier.

Learning Quran starts from understanding the Quranic Arabic.

We often come across this confusing question, isn’t it better to read Quran in my native language? That Allah (SWT) understands the voice of everyone, why should I learn Arabic?

Quran is the word of God and was revealed in the Arabic language upon the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) over 1400 years ago.

The book tells us how we need to live our lives and recognize and praise the ONLY creator of everything – Allah.

People living in Arabic countries or those whose native language is Arabic have this edge over others to recite and understand Quran in one go.

For non-Arabic, learning the correct way of reciting the Quran is a must task.

Although Quran (Qur’an/Koran) has been translated into hundreds of languages across the world and work is going on, and you can read it in your native language to comprehend the meaning, it is still compulsory for Muslims to learn the Quranic Arabic.

Why is it compulsory to learn Quran in Arabic?

  1. It is the language God chose to reveal Quran to humankind. It is comprehensive, and only Arabic can carry the true meaning of the word of God.
  2. All other languages are not diverse enough to exactly translate Arabic with the true meaning.
  3. Reciting Quran in Arabic is ten times more rewarding.
  4. And most importantly, Muslims must offer prayers five times a day in Arabic, making it compulsory to learn Quranic Arabic to offer prayers correctly.

Therefore, correctly pronouncing Arabic would rule out the chances of mistakenly altering the meaning of what we pray.

And above all, Allah (SWT) chose Arabic as a medium for his message that addressed all humankind; he did so considering the ability and strength human beings possess to learn Arabic easily.

Isn’t it enough to convince us to make efforts to learn Quran and give it a priority in our lives?

Learning Arabic to recite the Quran isn’t different from learning other languages and is not difficult if you focus on the basics.

What differentiates Quranic Arabic from other languages is that it hasn’t changed over time, and it won’t change.

It hasn’t imported anything from foreign languages. So the language and the meaning of what was revealed originally will remain intact forever.

We have, without doubt sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).

Al Hijr (15:9)

In all its simplicity, to learn Quran would mean;

  1. Reciting Quran in the correct accent in Arabic.
  2. Understanding the meaning of the Quran and getting guidance through it.

So for reciting Quran correctly in Arabic, this guide will take you through the two levels.

Level one is about the basics of Quranic Arabic, where you learn to recognize Arabic letters, connect them to form words, and understand the rules that govern the language.

Level two takes you to the advanced level for developing expertise to read Quran correctly.

Level 1: The basics

  1. Letters
  2. Harakat (movement of sound/the Arabic vowels)
  3. Tanween (adding noon to Harakat)
  4. Huroof ul Madd (stretching the Harakat)
  5. Sukoon (absecne of Harakat)
  6. Shaddah (completion of Hakarkat and Sukoon)


Arabic alphabet: some quick facts

Like any other language, there are rules that govern Arabic, and to start learning this language, we need to start with the basic – alphabet.

There are 29 letters in the Arabic language. Out of them, 28 have sounds attached to them.

Arabic has eight heavy and twenty light letters. The sound of heavy letters gets trapped inside the mouth and produces an echo. In contrast, we pronounce light letters by spilling them out of the mouth.

For example, in a British accent, the “cat” is lighter to pronounce, but “caught” and “awesome” are heavier; the sound remains in the mouth.

The first letter is “Alif,” and it has no sound of its own. It is primarily used to stretch the sound of other letters.

Arabic has 3 vowels that we use to extend the sounds of other letters.

  1. Alif
  2. Wow
  3. Yay
arabic-vowels-how to learn quran - quranic arabic guide

Every letter, one way or other, uses the movement of our tongue, teeth, and lips to pronounce.

Let’s recognize each letter and pronounce it correctly. 

The following videos are a shortened and edited version of Imam Hassan Raza’s set of video tutorials. They should give you the most knowledge without leaving this page.

To get more understanding, you can download the digital version of Noorani Qaida and continue with the video lectures.

Note: Practice hard and consistently. Give every letter time, and unless you master it, don’t move on to the following letter.


In our journey to learn Quran, it is a must to understand the Makharij or Makhraj. These are the neighboring letters, or you can call them roommates from the same place.

We can divide them into nine groups where each group shares a few common aspects, and understanding them helps pronounce letters correctly and easily.

The following video explains the Makhraj.

9 groups of letters-makhraj
9 groups of letters
makhraj-makharij for learn quran
The image illustrates where each group of letters has its home. Image Source:

Mixed/Combined Letters

In the Arabic language, the letters appear differently under different situations; they are mixed or combined to connect with the following letters. It is a vital part of the formation of Arabic words, and you must recognize this formation on your way to learning Quran.

The following video will guide you through mixed or combined letters.

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