sukoon in quran lesson 3

Sukoon in Quran is the opposite of Harakat. We write Sukoon in Arabic this way (سُكُونْ).

When a letter has a Sukoon symbol on it, the movement of the letter stops.

Watch the video to understand the concept.

Sukoon is not part of Harakat, but its presence is very common in Quranic Arabic.

Check the table showing letters with Harakat and Sukoon to know the difference.

Sukoon (no sound)Harakat

Sukoon exercise

Things to focus on in this section:

  • In terms of Sukoon, we can divide the alphabet into two categories: QLQLA (pronounced as Q-A-L-Q-A-L-A) and Hums. 
  • QLQLA are five letters that produce a bouncing sound. These are ق – ط – ب – ج – د.
  • Most of the other letters produce soft sounds. They are called “Hums” (ھَمْس)
  • A Sukoon letter can’t be read by itself. A letter with Harakat must precede it.

Important exercises

This is one of the most important lessons in Noorani Qaida as it covers everything we have learned so far. 

It includes rules such as Harakat, Tanween, Madd and Sukoon.

Let’s begin:

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

Exercise 5

Exercise 6

Exercise 7


Shaddah is the continuation of Sukoon.

Earlier, we learned that Sukoon is the absence of Harakat. 

Now we are going to add Harakat to the Sukoon which transforms it into Shaddah.

In fact, we will merge two letters: one with Sukoon on top of it and the other with a Harakat/Tanween.

For instance, Baa – Sukoon + Baa – Fathaha = Baa – Shaddah.

بْ + بَ = بَّ

This way you double the letter which increases the emphasis on it.

So Shaddah is a combination of two letters, one with Sukoon and one with Fatha, Kasra or dammah.

Let’s watch more videos to understand Shaddah further.

Shaddah examples

Shaddah in regular words (exercise 1)

Shaddah in regular words (exercise 2)

Things to learn in this section:

  • How to pronounce Shaddah properly
  • Shaddah is a blend of two letters, which of the letters is stronger?
  • How to put pressure on different letters while pronouncing Shaddah
  • How to speak A’aeen Shaddah (عّ)
  • How to speak Noon (نّ) and Meem (مّ) Shaddah. They are special letters and create Ghunna sound – echo sound coming from nasal cavity.
  • When to speak Allah light and when to speak it heavy
  • What to do when a letter start with Hamza tul Wasl and the third letter has Damma or Kasrah?

Shaddah Advance

Let’s practice Shaddah in more complex situations.

Shaddah advance exercise 1

Shaddah advance exercise 2

Section exercise

We have covered a number of essential rules which take us closer to the end of Noorani Qaida.

By now you should be able to read Arabic words without a problem.

Let’s practice everything we have covered so far.

Section exercise

Choose Next Lesson

Quran Course

Choose a lesson of your choice

Introduction: Course outline
Lesson 1: Arabic alphabet
Lesson 2: Harakat (Fathah, Dammah, Kasrah)
Lesson 3: What is Sukoon?
Lesson 4: What is Madd Lazim
Lesson 5: Noon Sakinah and Meem Sakinah
Lesson 6: Huroof Al Muqatta’ah
Lesson 7: Waqf in Quran

This course is developed by Imam Hassan Raza. Quran and Life has used the course with his permission.

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